Frostbite is No Joke: 7 Tips to Stay Warm and Avoid Permanent Damage

AddThis Social Bookmark Button

When the temperature dips below freezing, it's critical to protect your skin from cold-weather health risks. Frostbite occurs when the skin – and sometimes the tissue beneath the skin – freezes due to prolonged exposure to cold temperatures. Depending on how long and how frozen the tissue, frostbite can result in severe, sometimes permanent, damage.


Frostbite: Prevention and Treatment

"Frostbite usually affects the face, nose, ears, fingers and toes, so on bitterly cold days, it's not enough to just put on a winter coat," said board-certified dermatologist Amy J. Derick, MD, FAAD, clinical instructor of dermatology, Northwestern University. "To really protect your skin from dangerously low temperatures, keep an eye on the weather, dress appropriately for outdoor activities and stay dry."

To prevent frostbite, Dr. Derick recommends the following tips:

  1. Dress in loose, light, comfortable layers: Wearing loose, light layers helps trap warm air. The first layer should be made of a synthetic material, which wicks moisture away from your body. The next layer should be insulating. Wool and fleece are good insulators and hold in more body heat than cotton. The top layer should be windproof and waterproof. A down parka and ski pants can help keep you dry and warm during outdoor activities.
  2. Protect your feet and toes: To protect your feet and toes, wear two pairs of socks. The first pair, next to your skin, should be made of moisture-wicking fabric. Place a pair of wool or wool-blend socks on top of those. Your boots should also provide adequate insulation. They should be waterproof and cover your ankles. Make sure that nothing feels tight, as tight clothing increases the risk of frostbite.
  3. Protect your head: To protect your ears and head, wear a heavy wool or fleece hat. If you are outside on a bitterly cold day, cover your face with a scarf or face mask. This warms the air you breathe and helps prevent frostbite on your nose and face.
  4. Protect your hands: Wear insulated mittens or gloves to help protect your hands from the cold.
  5. Make sure snow cannot get inside of your boots or clothing: Wet clothing increases the risk of developing frostbite. Before heading outdoors, make sure that snow cannot easily get inside of your boots or clothing. While outdoors, if you start to sweat, cut back on your activity or unzip your jacket a bit.
  6. Keep yourself hydrated: Becoming dehydrated also increases the risk of developing frostbite. Even if you are not thirsty, drink at least one glass of water before you head outside, and always drink water or a sports drink before an outdoor workout. In addition, avoid alcohol, as it increases your risk for frostbite.
  7. Recognize the symptoms: In order to detect frostbite early, when it's most treatable, it's important to recognize the symptoms.  The first signs of frostbite include redness and a stinging, burning, throbbing or prickling sensation followed by numbness. If this occurs, head indoors immediately.

"If you experience symptoms of frostbite, try to gradually bring feeling back into the body," said Dr. Derick. "Never rub frostbitten skin or submerge your hands or feet directly into hot water - use warm water or a warm washcloth instead. If you do not feel sensation returning to your body, or if the skin begins to turn gray, go to an emergency room immediately."

For more information on dermatology or Frostbite Prevention:  The "Frostbite: Prevention and Treatment" video presented by the American Academy of Dermatology.

Haute Tease

  • Blood Review – A Bone Chilling, Arresting, Thriller

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    Blood,” from BBC Films and Lipsync Productions, presents, spine tingling, chilling mystery thriller that weaves haunted memories with the cat and mouse chase that is unexpectedly stunning from the beginning.

     
  • The Power of Sports Metaphors in Politics: Trump vs. Clinton as The Main Event

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    Gender norms influence not just what we think, but how. Consider the presence of sports metaphors in American politics. Metaphors are not merely figures of speech. According to the cognitive scientists and philosophers George Lakoff and Mark Johnson (1980), human thought processes are largely metaphorical.

     
  • Benjamin Griveaux, l’hubris brisé

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    Les révélations à caractère sexuel ayant poussé Benjamin Griveaux à retirer sa candidature aux élections municipales à Paris en mars prochain offre aussi au Président de la République l’opportunité d’écarter sans frais un homme convaincu de son destin. Explications.  

  • Beltway Insider: Trump Midterm Stump; Brits/Khashoggi; Refugee Caravan; Mail Bomber; Synagogue; Beltway Insider Twitter Trend

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    President Donald Trump responded to the Tree of Life shooting with a decree ordering all federal buildings, domestic and abroad, to fly the American flag at half-mast in honor of those murdered in yet another merciless massacre.

     
  • Op/Ed - SOTU 2019 and American Medicine

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    While President Trump called for unity and cooperation in his 2019 State of the Union address, the views of the audience showed a sharp and bitter divide, especially on issues affecting the health and medical care of Americans.

     
  • With Drawn Arms Review – A Thought-Provoking Documentary of Champions

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    With Drawn Arms, from STARZ!, presents the story of Olympian Tommie Smith, the 1968 Gold Medal winner, who dared to shine a spotlight on the atrocities of the Negro people with a single raised fist on the winner's podium.

     
  • Redwood Highway Review – Taking an Unforgettable Walk Through a Life Well Lived

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    Redwood Highway,” from Ageless Cinema and Redwood Highway Productions, presents a road film, full of wonder, awe, drama, symbolic of life’s journey where dreams are the driver, roadside stops pleasant and detours awakening.

     
  • World’s Largest Rowing Competition Marks 50thAnniversary with Annual Head Of The Charles Regatta® In Boston

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    The annual Head Of The Charles Regatta®presented by BNY Mellon, will mark a momentous milestone this October, celebrating its 50th occurrence with a gala celebration to cap off the historic two-day race event along Boston’s iconic Charles River with more than 10,000 athletes from around the globe set to compete in historic event before 400,000 spectators along Boston’s Charles River.

     
  • Health, Wellness: Top 25 Heart-Healthy Foods

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    As lifespans increase, proactively keeping your heart healthy becomes a bigger priority. According to Medical News Today, heart disease is the leading cause of death in the U.S. Data from the Health Indicators Warehouse shows a consistent decline in heart disease deaths from 2008 to 2012, but 2013 saw a slight increase.

     
     
  • SF Theatre: San Jose Stage Company Announces The Cast And Creative Team For The 2019-2020 Season‘s Opening Production The Rocky Horror Show

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    San Jose Stage Company (Randall King, Artistic Director and Cathleen King, Executive Director) is pleased to announce the cast and creative team for the first production of The Stage's 37th Season, the beloved cult musical THE ROCKY HORROR SHOW.

     
  • Hotel Mumbai Review - Four Stars! Riveting Recreation, Palpable Intensity

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    Hotel Mumbai, from Bleeker Street Media and Screen Australia, presents a riveting recreation of the November 26, 2008 night of terror when jihadists attacked the city in coordinated attacks targeting westerns the famous Taj Mahal Palace Hotel.

     
  • Health, Wellness: Best Herbal Teas to Calm and Comfort

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    From the renowned health benefits, they're known for to the unique, rich flavors and aromas they provide in each cup, it should be no surprise that loose-leaf herbal teas are as popular as they are.

     
  • Songstress Taylor Swift Buys Samuel Goldwyn Mansion

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    Taylor Swift, one of the world's wealthiest celebrities with estimated career earnings approaching $800 million, and is now putting down deep roots in Hollywood society with the purchase and renovation of the Samuel Goldwyn Mansion.

     
  • Mandarin Oriental, New York Announces The Debut Of Newly Designed One- And Two-Bedroom Suites

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    Mandarin Oriental, New York, an award-winning hotel celebrated for its style and sophistication, is delighted to announce the launch of its 42 restyled suites overlooking Central Park, the Hudson River and the Manhattan skyline, each suite reflects New York life through the course of a day celebrating the city's sunrise, dusk and nights.  

  • Bridgend Review - Stirring, Resonating, Shocking

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    Bridgend presents a shocking true story of the suicide epidemic in South Wales that overwhelmed a village as one by one their youth decided that dying was a better alternative, the soul stirring accounts are gripping in their portrayals.