Justice Antonin Scalia: The Man, The Myth, The Legend

AddThis Social Bookmark Button

Charles Rex Arbogast/AP Images

The recent death of Justice Antonin Scalia, a historically conservative firebrand on the Supreme Court, sent shockwaves through the political world. In the middle of a hectic and noisy presidential primary, the Republican candidates shared a moment of silence during their ninth debate — and then dove into a conversation about whether President Barack Obama should nominate a successor.

Scalia left his mark on the judicial branch of the U.S. government over the course of his 33 years in the public eye. The many bipartisan tributes pouring in after his death at the age of 79 have praised his intellect, wit and dedication to public service.

InsideGov digs into Scalia’s personal history and record on the court to find 25 essential facts and figures that defined his life and career. We’ve looked at it all, from his guest turn in an opera to that time he made a list of potential vice presidential candidates, ranking everything from the smallest to largest figure.

0 Breathing Documents

Spencer Platt / Getty Images

Scalia was a strict constitutionalist, articulating that the Constitution was “not a living document.” Instead, Scalia said the document is “dead, dead, dead” and must be read exactly as the Founding Fathers wrote it.

1 Elephant Ride

Alex Wong/Getty Images

Scalia and his fellow Supreme Court justice, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, rode on an elephant together in India in 1994. The two justices, on opposite ends of the ideological spectrum, were “best buddies,” according to Ginsburg’s tribute to Scalia following his death.

1 of 3 Dissenters

Scalia was one of three justices who dissented in Lawrence v. Texas, the 2003 case that invalidated a sodomy law in Texas and made consensual same-sex activity legal throughout the U.S. The majority found that consensual sex between adults was protected under the due process clause of the 14th Amendment. But Scalia argued the court took “sides in the culture war” and “signed on to the so-called homosexual agenda.”

1 Case, 1 Win

Before he was appointed to the Supreme Court, Scalia served as the assistant attorney general under former President Gerald Ford. During that time, he argued his only case in front of the Supreme Court, Alfred Dunhill of London Inc. v. Republic of Cuba. The case looked at how to handle cigar manufacturing profits after Cuba nationalized U.S. businesses in 1960. Scalia argued for Dunhill, and won.

2nd Amendment

Guns

In 2008, Scalia penned the majority opinion for the District of Columbia v. Heller case, which argued the Second Amendment provides Americans with the right to gun ownership. Scalia wrote that the “militia” referred to in the amendment pertains to individuals, not just the military.

Heller was one of the five cases 2016 Republican presidential hopeful Sen. Ted Cruz won at the Supreme Court during his tenure as the Texas solicitor general.

2 Guest Appearances

Stephen R. Brown/AP Images

Scalia and Ginsburg, both opera aficionados, made joint guest appearances in performances of Richard Strauss’s “Ariadne auf Naxos” in 1994 and 2009. Their long friendship inspired a one-act comic opera, “Scalia/Ginsburg,” which premiered in July 2015.

3 Books

Ben Neary/AP Images

A verbose and colorful writer on the bench, Scalia penned three books, starting with his 1997 tome, “A Matter of Interpretation.” He co-wrote his next two with Bryan Garner, a lawyer and legal scholar on language.

4 Years

AgnosticPreachersKid/Wikimedia Commons

In 1982, former President Ronald Reagan appointed Scalia to the United States Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit. During his four years in that role, Scalia developed his distinctive, sharp writing style that he became known for.

5-3 Vote

In a 5-3 vote in Hamdan v. Rumsfeld, the Supreme Court ruled against military commissions for detainees at Guantanamo Bay. In the run-up to arguments at the court, five retired generals asked Scalia to recuse himself because of comments he made during a speech a few weeks earlier in Switzerland. He said foreigners who waged war on the U.S. had no rights under the Constitution. Salim Ahmed Hamdan, who said he was Osama bin Laden’s driver and was designated an “enemy combatant” by the U.S., questioned the military commissions. Scalia was part of the three-person dissent in the case.

Score of 5.25

According to data from OnTheIssues, Scalia was the most conservative justice on the bench, coming in at 5.25 on the scoring scale. OnTheIssues’ scores range from negative 10 (very liberal) to positive 10 (very conservative). Scalia’s more moderate views on international and economic issues helped to average out his very conservative perspective on individual rights.

7 in the Majority

Scalia was part of the majority in the 2000 case Bush v. Gore, which stopped the recount in Florida and ultimately led to George W. Bush assuming the presidency. The case was split into two questions, about the constitutionality of the way the votes were counted and the feasibility of a recount.

By a 7-2 vote, the court found there was a violation to the Equal Protection Clause when different standards of vote counting were used in different counties in Florida. The court also found, in a 5-4 decision, that a recount couldn’t happen in a reasonable timeframe.

9 Children

M. Spencer Green/AP Images

Scalia and his wife, Maureen McCarthy Scalia, had nine children, but the grandkid tally varies: some news outlets count 36 grandchildren while others count 28. Scalia himself was an only child, and was the lone kid of his generation within his larger family, as his parents’ siblings didn’t have any children.

21 Pages

In his 21-page dissent of the King v. Burwell case in 2015, Scalia delivered some of his most memorable zingers. In a 6-3 vote, the court upheld the tax subsidies in the Affordable Care Act, but not before Scalia described the decision as “pure applesauce” and “interpretive jiggery-pokery.” (Fact: Scalia used the phrase “sheer applesauce” in a 2007 dissent about school funding.)

29 Years, Five Months

Scalia served on the Supreme Court for almost 30 years. Former President Ronald Reagan appointed Scalia to the high court in September 1986.

30 Days

J. Scott Applewhite/AP Images

The flags in the plaza in front of the Supreme Court will fly at half-staff for 30 days after Scalia’s death.

31st of December

Anthony Quintano/Flickr

Every year, Scalia and Ginsburg celebrated New Year’s Eve together. Scalia called the pair “the odd couple” during a 2015 speech at George Washington University in D.C.

50 Years Old

Charles Tasnadi/AP Images

Scalia was 50 years old when the Senate confirmed him, making him the youngest justice on the Supreme Court at the time.

54 Percent

J. Scott Applewhite/AP Images

When he was among the dissenting votes on a case, Scalia wrote an opinion 54 percent of the time.

62 Years

J. Scott Applewhite/AP Images

In the last 62 years of the Supreme Court’s history, Scalia is the third justice to die while in office. Justice Robert H. Jackson died in 1954 and Chief Justice William Rehnquist died in 2005.

66.7 Percent

Scalia was one of six Roman Catholics on the Supreme Court, meaning two-thirds of the current justices subscribe to that faith. The remaining three justices are all Jewish.

77 “Laughing Episodes”

Rogelio V. Solis/AP Images

Although perhaps best known for his staunch conservatism, Scalia was also known for his sharp wit, in his writing and during arguments. According to a study of transcripts from the Supreme Court’s 2004-2005 term, Scalia inspired 77 bouts of laughter during oral arguments — by far the most among his colleagues.

85 Days

It took 85 days for Scalia to go from Supreme Court nominee to confirmed justice.

98 Votes

During his Senate confirmation in 1986, Scalia received 98 votes — the second-highest margin since 1970. Former Justice Sandra Day O’Connor received 99 votes in 1981.

1957 Valedictorian at Georgetown University

For his undergraduate degree, Scalia studied history at Georgetown and graduated at the top of his class. He then studied law at Harvard Law School.

1996 Republican Ticket

J. David Ake/AFP/Getty Images

When former Senate Majority Leader Bob Dole, R-Kan., ran for president in 1996, Rep. John Boehner — then the head of the House Republican Conference — “tried to persuade” Scalia to run as Dole’s vice president. Scalia declined, and Jack Kemp, a longtime congressman out of New York, ended up joining the ticket.

Research More About the Supreme Court

Haute Tease

  • The Step, the Hot Pick of UK Student Radio, Release New Single and Video 'Stay Awake'

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    "Hot Pick" of the UK Students Radio Chart Show 2016, The Step is an Indie Pop/Rock band based in London. Founded in Rome in 2007 by Stefano Donato, the band moved to London where Oliviero Fella joined in 2013.  

  • New York Attorney General Eric Schneiderman Resigns

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    New York Attorney General Eric Schneiderman has resigned after an expose in the New Yorker Magazine presented allegations from former relationships of aggressive controlling behavior, physical violence, forceable theft of prescription medicine, drug, alcohol and sexual abuse.

     
  • Slenderman Tween Found Incompetent to Stand Trial; Legal Commentary By Whitey Bulger Defense Attorney Hank Brennan

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    Morgan Geyser, 12, known as one half of the Slenderman Killers, who stabbed a twelve year old friend 19 times, has been found incompetent to stand trial for her participation in the crimes that shocked this tiny Wisconsin city.

     
  • Updated: Deadly New York City Apartment Fire Caused by Child; Kills 12, Including Four Children

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    A toddler playing with a stove has been determined to have caused the fatal Bronx fire that killed twelve, including four children, and left four others in critical condition in the worst New York City fire in twenty-five years.

     
  • Fiji’s Hidden Paradise Restored: Jean-Michel Cousteau Resort Announces September Grand Reopening

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    Jean-Michel Cousteau Resort one of the most renowned vacation destinations in the South Pacific, offering spectacular ecological exploration, understated natural luxury, and warm hospitality in the traditional Fijian style, has announced its grand reopening scheduled September 1, 2016.

     
  • Thousand Oaks Mass Shooting Leaves 12 Dead and at Least 15 Injured

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    At least twelve patrons of a Thousand Oaks, California bar were killed after a lone gunman entered the local country & western favorite tossing smoker bombs and firing randomly into the packed college night crowd.

     
  • Redwood Highway Review – Taking an Unforgettable Walk Through a Life Well Lived

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    Redwood Highway,” from Ageless Cinema and Redwood Highway Productions, presents a road film, full of wonder, awe, drama, symbolic of life’s journey where dreams are the driver, roadside stops pleasant and detours awakening.

     
  • Silicon Cowboys Review – Three Guys, Pie and a Dream the Recipe for Documentary Success

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    Silicon Cowboys, from FilmRise and Zipper Bros Films, presents the creation of the modern laptop that humbly began in a Houston Diner over an afternoon slice of pie with three guys who were unknowingly about to begin a revolution.

     
  • The Islamic State and The Façade of Civility

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    The attack perpetrated in the spring by a Chechen-born French confirms ISIS's ability to adapt to our vigilance by being able to strike anywhere, at any time and via individuals sometimes on the sidelines of the networks terrorists.

     
  • Maybaum Gallery Opens with Formal Dimension: Inaugural Group Exhibition

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    After 14 years as a top San Francisco Bay Area-based art dealer Christina Maybaum is pleased to announce the opening of her eponymous new art venture, Maybaum Gallery at 49 Geary with an inaugural group exhibition of local and national talent.

     
  • JP Morgan Pays Multi Billion Dollar Penalty for Madoff Failures

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    JP Morgan Chase has agreed to pay penalties of nearly 2.6billion dollars for their role in failing to accurately assess the solvency and refusing to file suspicious activity reports in the case of former ponzi scheme mastermind Bernie Madoff.

     
  • The Confessions (Le Confessioni) Review - A Captivating International Murder Mystery

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    The Confessions, from Bobo Film TV and Uncork’d Entertainment, presents a thrilling whodunit, as the world titters on economic collapse a gathering of the G8 leaders at a luxurious seaside hotel becomes a murder mystery with all suspect.

 

Login Form